The scenario in Commedia dell’Arte (Part 2)


The scenes in a scenario changes as a new mask enters the stage, but not when a mask leaves the stage. Let’s call this Italian scene division in contrast to French scene division, where they change scenes in both entries and exits. It is written in a way that it is easy for the actor to wait in the wings for his or her cue even though what is happening on stage is improvised. .
Here is a modest example from a show we played with Kompani Komedi in 1998 it was called AAARRGH!!! – Capitano Catastrofo Collosalle, it was played all over Europe so we did use grammelot instead of words (it might be a bit to detailed to be representative):

”Sc 16      Zanni comes in from the middle. Capitano sticks out his head and explains                                that he is in an ambush for Löjlo. Zanni takes Capitano’s sword and begin to                            fence Löjlo. <Military drill-lazzo> Capitano looks for his sword then takes it                              from Zanni.  < Military drill-lazzo > Zanni takes the foil from Löjlo and starts                            to fence Capitano 2 rounds around the backdrop.

 Sc 17       Pantalone enters the stage “talking” about how he met ”Mammi”. Zanni and                              Capitano are fencing their way back on stage. Zanni is fencing away                                        Capitano’s sword.. Pantalone becomes impressed and wants to buy back                                  Zanni. Pantalone takes Zanni and gives Capitano his money. Pantalone                                           tells Zanni to work. < Military drill-lazzo > Capitano jumps up in Zannis                                   arms. Zanni throws him away and steals Capitano’s money. Zanni exits.                                  Pantalone runs after Zanni. Lejla takes up the foil and fence Capitano out                              from the stage.

 Sc 18       Zanni comes in with the money and sees Lejla with the flowers. Lejla deceives                           Zanni to buy the flowers. Zanni leaves with the flowers.

 Sc 19       Löjlo enters. Lejla shows Löjlo the money. They understands that Löjlo now is                          rich and that he can marry Lejla

Sc 20       Pantalone enters. Löjlo shows Pantalone the money. Pantalone approve the                          marriage.”

If a scenario shall be easy to work from it has to be divided into smaller parts, chronological and through context. If not it may be a big blur of it all. One way to do that is to ask oneself: “who is doing what, with who, to whom, when?” When writing a scenario. In this way we can easily see what, in the scene, constitutes a one simple plot, so that the actor don’t have to bother about more than one action at the time.

A traditional Commedia dell’Arte scenario contains three act, while a Commedia Erudita scenario usually was five acts, as a heritage from Plautus and Terence, and the ancient drama. That was probably only when played in the great castles and palaces, or when played in a hired stanze or theatre. It cannot have been the case when played in the streets, since it would be impossible to take a break in between acts.
It is useless to play a show more than 20 minutes and definitely more than 30 minutes on the streets. It was surely different during the renaissance. Today people don’t have the time to stop unplanned to just watch a show. Besides it is much easier both physically and economical. If we have one or more short shows we will both be able to play more plays a day since it takes less energy and it give us the possibility to move from one place to another if the first is not profitable. See also HERE.

Back to Part 1
Back to Performance structure

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